by Bozhidara Georgieva

Timely care for the eyesight is important. Modern ophthalmology provides us with improved efficiency and reliable results

We have five senses, but eyesight is the one of them that suffers the most from modern lifestyle. Since screens became an integral part of our lives, we strain our eyes from the second we awake to the moment we fall asleep. We check the social networks and we read news, we watch TV series and we have video calls with our relatives abroad, we book hotels and buy tickets on our phones. We take photos, we share, we comment, we tag, we search in Google. We work all day long on a computer and when we travel, we play games on our phones or read e-books on the plane. As a result, our eyes are exposed to a level of stress unseen (pun intended) in the whole evolutionary history of humanity.

That is why we have to take proper care of them. Small changes in our everyday routine can be beneficial. It is recommendable that two hours before going to bed we put away the smartphone and the tablet and shut down the PC. Otherwise – as anyone who has ever quarrelled over something on Facebook knows, we got overexcited and can have troubles getting asleep.

How to know if screens interfere with our vision? Eye strain, blurred vision and inability to focus at a distance are all sure signs for that. But the list doesn't end with these. In it are also included the "dry eye" feel, the headache, the pain in the neck, back, shoulders. To limit these unpleasant experiences, move your desktop monitor so that its top is at the same level with your eyes and you should look a bit down when you use it. Avoid glare from windows and other sources of light, choose a comfortable chair and sit properly on it. Blink often and every 20 minutes look somewhere else to let your eyes rest (the phone doesn't count). Take a 15-minute break every two hours.

Artificial tears are a popular and efficient way to deal with "dry eye." But not all artificial tears are equal. The artificial tear Thealoz® Duo (www.synapsis.bg) stands out from the crowd. It is a combination of two natural ingredients (trehalose 3% and hyaluronic acid 0.15%) with repeated action for any kind of "dry eye." Hyaluronic acid preserves the water and sticks to the eye surface, thus hydrating and "lubricating" it. Trehalose improves the extended effect of the acid, reduces the applications with 50% and penetrates the epithelium cells, resulting in preservation of the cell membrane from dehydration and the proteins from denaturation. All of these make Thealoz® Duo a solution suitable for patients after ophthalmological surgery, wearers of contact lenses and everyone suffering from moderate to severe form of "dry eye."

Good diet is also crucial for good eyesight – the joke that carrots are good for eyes as no-one has ever seen a rabbit wearing glasses is actually quite true. Eating diverse foods like green leaf vegetables, oily fish, eggs, nuts, beans, citrus fruits charges the organism with omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zinc and С and Е vitamins. According to surveys, they can prevent the development of age-related ophthalmological problems such as macular degeneration (untreatable loss of central sight) and cataract. Something more: eating healthily will keep your body weight within the norm. That means lesser risk of developing type-2 diabetes and the loss of eyesight that is connected to it.

Smoking is also a factor linked to development of macular degeneration and cataract so stop or reduce it, if you can.

People who already suffer from farsightedness, shortsightedness, astigmatism, shouldn't compromise when choosing dioptric glasses or lenses. Indeed, there are cheap "ready solutions" on the market, but their quality does not justify the money you save. Modern manufacturers of quality dioptric glasses and lenses offer a variety of high-tech variants such as glasses with anti-scratch, anti-reflective and anti-UV coating. Glasses can also be photochromatically treated so they automatically darken when exposed to sunlight. This makes them an excellent alternative to sunglasses for people with too high diopter.

Even people with healthy eyes shouldn't ignore the risk of damages caused by ultraviolet rays in sunlight. It is recommendable that sunglasses blocking between 99 and 100 percent of the UVA and UVB rays are worn in all cases.

Whatever protective measures we take, regular visits to a good ophthalmology specialist is crucial for us to enjoy good vision. Prophylaxis will not only find whether you need to change the diopter, but is also the only way for diagnosing one of the most serious ophthalmological diseases. Glaucoma is the loss of sight due to eye nerve damage caused by increased eye tension. The disease has no symptoms and can be diagnosed only during an ophthalmological examination. Globally, glaucoma is the second biggest cause for blindness, after cataract. Treatment is possible, if the disease is diagnosed on time and treated right.

The good news is that in recent years ophthalmology is experiencing a period of intensive development. To a significant extent it is connected to development of laser surgery as a whole, as a fast and save treatment method with short recovery period. In ophthalmology, laser surgery is now commonly used for correction of refractive errors such as shortsightedness, longsightedness and astigmatism, and for treatment of cataract.

These modern methods, however, are not cure-all. Only an experienced and skilled specialist in ophthalmology can decide if a patient would benefit from such treatment and which method would work best. Individual approach is crucial, and so is knowledge of both established practices and innovation in the field.

"Smart Тrans PRK is the latest novelty in laser corrections," says Dr Svetoslav Doychinov from Doychinov Eye Center (Sofia, 22 Elemag St, phone: 0877 700 400, www.doychinov.bg). "This is an improved model for the sequence, speed and shape of the laser beams. This model decreases the depth of the treated zone and reduces the thermal exposition of the cornea. All this contributes for a very quick and safe recovery after the laser procedure."

From high-tech treatment and qualified specialists to the most advanced glasses, lenses and artificial tears available, Bulgaria offers everything needed for keeping one's eyes healthy. Novelties arrive in the country without delay and quickly become established practices, and professionals in the field are in line with the development of international ophthalmology.

So, the only thing that we have to do to enjoy good eyesight is to take care of ourselves, and to not forget to wear our sunglasses.


    Commenting on www.vagabond.bg

    Vagabond Media Ltd requires you to submit a valid email to comment on www.vagabond.bg to secure that you are not a bot or a spammer. Learn more on how the company manages your personal information on our Privacy Policy. By filling the comment form you declare that you will not use www.vagabond.bg for the purpose of violating the laws of the Republic of Bulgaria. When commenting on www.vagabond.bg please observe some simple rules. You must avoid sexually explicit language and racist, vulgar, religiously intolerant or obscene comments aiming to insult Vagabond Media Ltd, other companies, countries, nationalities, confessions or authors of postings and/or other comments. Do not post spam. Write in English. Unsolicited commercial messages, obscene postings and personal attacks will be removed without notice. The comments will be moderated and may take some time to appear on www.vagabond.bg.

Add new comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.

Discover More

Responsible consumption is a crucial part of Zagorka's platform for sustainable development "Brew a better world".

In December, Blocks Group won first prize in the prestigious national competition Building of the Year 2022 in the category Social Infrastructure - Healthcare.

On 15 December was held the official opening of one of the largest and most modern rehabilitation and long-term care hospitals in Europe, owned by Blocks Group - a leading

Having a pet is one of the most rewarding things in the world. The unburdened joy of your dog when you return home from work and take it for a walk. The quiet purr of the cat huddled in your lap after a stressful day.
"Preventive activities are the modern European way to rethink and refine the processes of protection and improvement of the nation's health," says Dr Tihomir Savchev, Vita Hospital Manager.

Just like happy families from the famous Tolstoy definition, well managed medical facilities are alike. In them, organisation of each process is optimised to perfection.
In the endless weeks when we were forced to stay at our homes, pets proved to be of invaluable help. Even in the darkest moments, the long walks with our dogs and our cats' affection provided us with the much-needed feel of stability, love and even joy.
If we decide to list the things that we automatically take for a valid truth the notion "nobody likes going to the dentist" will be probably among the first ten.
Thousands of years ago, people crossed Africa's savannahs and deserts, hunted in the frozen tundras and mountains of Ice Age Europe and Asia, discovered a route to North and South America and remote corners of the world such as Australia and New Zealand.
If there is a world trend that often goes under the radar of attention, this is the attitude towards pets. Modern people take an increasing number of dogs, cats, birds and exotic animals at home, and spend more time and attention in taking care of them.
Teeth are among the few parts of the human body that are not only extremely important for the proper functioning of the organism, but that also influence the self-confidence and the person's overall charisma.